Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in
Australia. It is on Australia's south-east coast, on the Tasman Sea. Inhabitants
of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising an international population. The
site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at
Sydney Cove by Captain Arthur Phillip, of the First Fleet, as a penal colony.
The city is built on hills surrounding one of the world's largest natural harbours,
Port Jackson, which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic
Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge are prominent structures. The
hinterland of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and the
coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches, including the
famous Bondi and Manly beaches. Within the city are many parklands, including
Hyde Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens. Its main port is Port Botany.