Rio de Janeiro, commonly referred to as simply Rio, is the capital city of the
State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest
metropolitan area in South America. Part of the city has been designated as a
World Heritage Site. Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the
southern hemisphere and is known for its natural settings, carnival celebrations,
samba, Bossa Nova, balneario beaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana,
Ipanema, and Leblon. Some of the most famous landmarks in addition to the beaches
include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named
one of the Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf mountain with its cable car;
the Sambodromo, a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used
during Carnival. Rio de Janeiro will host the 2016 Summer Olympics.