Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is also the historical
capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River,
the city is home to about 1.8 million people. Prague has been a political, cultural,
and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during
its 1,100 year existence. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the
Gothic and Renaissance eras, Prague was not only the capital of the Czech state,
but also the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus also the capital of the Holy
Roman Empire. It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-
Hungarian Empire and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia.
Prague is home to a number of famous cultural attractions, many of which
survived the violence and destruction of 20th century Europe.
Main attractions include the Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town
Square, the Jewish Quarter, the Lennon Wall and Petrin hill. Since 1992,
the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the list of
World Heritage Sites. The city boasts more than ten major museums, along
with numerous theatres, galleries, cinemas, and other historical exhibits.
A modern public transportation system connects the city. Also, it is home to
a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University. Prague
is classified as an Alpha global city. Its rich history makes it a popular
tourist destination, and the city receives more than 4.4 million international
visitors annually. Prague was the sixth most visited city in Europe. Prague
ranks fifth in the world list of best destinations.