Located on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of
five boroughs, each of which comprises a state county. They are: The Bronx,
Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island were consolidated into a single
city in 1898. New York is the most densely populated major city in the United
States. New York is also the most populous city in the United States, with an
estimated 8.3 million residents as of 2011. As many as 800 languages are spoken
in New York, making it the most diverse city in the world.
Manhattan's skyline with its many skyscrapers is universally recognized, and the
city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world. As of 2011,
New York City had 5,937 high-rise buildings, of which 550 completed structures
were at least 100 meters high, both second in the world after Hong Kong, with
over 50 completed skyscrapers taller than 200 meters. New York City has over
28,000 acres of municipal parkland and 14 miles of public beaches.
Manhattan (New York County) is the most densely populated borough and is
home to Central Park and most of the city's skyscrapers.
Uptown Manhattan includes the neighborhoods of: Upper Manhattan, Marble Hill, Inwood, Fort George,
Washington Heights, Hudson Heights, West Harlem, Hamilton Heights, Manhattanville, Morningside Heights,
Soho, Central Harlem, Harlem, Strivers' Row, Astor Row, Sugar Hill, Marcus Garvey Park, Little Senegal,
Spanish Harlem, Upper East Side, Lenox Hill, Carnegie Hill, Yorkville, Upper West Side, Central Park,
Manhattan Valley, Lincoln Square.
Midtown Manhattan includes the neighborhoods of: Midtown, Columbus Circle, Sutton Place,
Rockefeller Center, Diamond District, Theater District, Turtle Bay, Midtown East, Midtown, Tudor City,
Little Brazil, Times Square, Hudson Yards, Midtown West, Hell's Kitchen, Clinton, Garment District,
Herald Square, Koreatown, Murray Hill, Tenderloin, Madison Square.
Midtown and Downtown: includes the neighborhoods of: Flower District, Brookdale, Hudson Yards,
Kips Bay, Rose Hill, NoMad, Peter Cooper Village, Chelsea, Flatiron District, Toy District, Photo District,
Gramercy Park, Stuyvesant Square, Union Square, Stuyvesant Town, Meatpacking District, Waterside Plaza.
The Bronx (Bronx County) is New York City's northernmost borough, the location
of Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees, and home to the largest
cooperatively owned housing complex in the United States.
Brooklyn (Kings County) on the western tip of Long Island, is the city's most
populous borough and was an independent city until 1898. Brooklyn is known
for its cultural, social and ethnic diversity. It is also the only borough
outside of Manhattan with a distinct downtown neighborhood. Brooklyn
features a long beachfront and Coney Island.
Queens (Queens County) is geographically the largest borough and the most
ethnically diverse county in the United States, and may overtake Brooklyn as the
city's most populous borough due to its growth. Queens is also home of the New
York Mets. Additionally, it is home to LaGuardia & JFK Airports.
Staten Island (Richmond County) is the most suburban in character of the five
boroughs. Staten Island is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows
Bridge and to Manhattan by way of the Staten Island Ferry. The Staten Island
Ferry is one of the most popular tourist attractions in New York City as it
provides views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and lower Manhattan.
New York's water crossings date back to 1693, when its first bridge, known as the
King's Bridge, was constructed over Spuyten Duyvil Creek between Manhattan and
the Bronx. The bridge, composed of stone abutments and a timber deck, was
demolished in 1917. The oldest crossing still standing is High Bridge which
connects Manhattan to the Bronx over the Harlem River. This bridge was built to
carry water to the city as part of the Croton Aqueduct system. Ten bridges and
one tunnel serving the city have been awarded some level of landmark status. The
Holland Tunnel was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1993 in recognition
of its pioneering role as the first mechanically ventilated vehicular underwater
tunnel, operating since 1927.
The George Washington, High Bridge, Hell Gate, Queensboro, Brooklyn, Manhattan,
Macombs Dam, Carroll Street, University Heights and Washington bridges have all
received landmark status as well. New York features bridges of all lengths and
types, carrying cars, trucks and subway trains to pedestrians and bicycles. The
George Washington Bridge, spanning the Hudson River between New York City and
Fort Lee, New Jersey, is the world's busiest bridge in terms of vehicular
traffic. The George Washington Bridge, Verrazano Narrows Bridge and the Brooklyn
Bridge are considered among the most beautiful in the world. Others are more
well known for their importance such as the Williamsburg Bridge which has two
heavy rail transit tracks, eight traffic lanes and a pedestrian sidewalk.
Covering 843 acres in the heart of Manhattan, there's no one way to get to Central
Park. The Park covers the land from 59th Street to 110th Street between Fifth
Avenue and Central Park West (Eighth Avenue). It is the most visited city park in
the United States, with 25 million visitors each year. A visual masterpiece
created by landscape designer Frederick Law Olmsted and architect Calvert Vaux,
Central Park has gone through major developments and restoration over time to
carry on its initial purpose as an oasis for a metropolitan city.
Offical Central Park Website: www.centralparknyc.org